Recent Publications Book(s) Krieg, A. (2012). Motivations for Humanitarian Intervention: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations. New York: Springer. [More] Krieg, A. (2016). Commercializing Cosmopolitan Security: Safeguarding the Responsibility to Protect. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [More] Krieg, A. (2017). Socio-Political Order & Security in the Arab World: From Regime to Public Security. New York: Palgrave Macmillian. [More] Krieg, A. & Rickli, J.M. (2019). Surrogate Warfare: The Transformation of War in the 21st century. Washington, DC: Georgetown UP. [More] Krieg, A. (2019). Divided Gulf - The Anatomy of a Crisis. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [More] Peer-reviewed Articles/ Chapters Krieg, A. (2013). Towards a normative explanation: Understanding Western state reliance on contractors using Social Contract theory. Global Change, Peace and Security, Vol.25, No.3, 2013. [More] Krieg, A. (2014). Beyond the Trinitarian Institutionalization of the Warrior Ethos - A Normative Conceptualization of Soldier and Contractor Commitment in Post-Modern Conflict. Defence Studies, Vol.14, No.1, 2014. [More] Krieg, A. (2014). Regulating the Global Security Industry: A Liberal Normative Perspective. St. Anthony's International Review, Vol.9 , No. 2, 2014. [More] Krieg, A. (2014). The Role of Commercially Provided Security in Africa's Patrimonial Security Complexes. AUSTRAL Brazilian Journal of Strategy & International Relations, Vol. 3, No.5, 2014 [More] Krieg, A. (2016). Externalizing the burden of war: the Obama Doctrine and US foreign policy in the Middle East. International Affairs, Volume 92, Number 1. [More] Krieg, A. (2016). The Contractor as the New Cosmopolitan Soldier. In 'Routledge Research Companion on Outsourcing Securtiy'. Kinsey, C. & Berndtsson, J. (eds.). London: Routledge. [More] Krieg, A. (2016). The Privatization of Civil-Security Sector Relations and the Struggle for Public Security in Iraq. Political and Military Sociology: An Annual Review, Vol.44, 2016. [More] Krieg, A. (2016). Gulf Security Policy After the Arab Spring: Considering Changing Security Dynamics. In The Small Gulf States: Foreign and Security Policy. Rickli, J.M. et al (eds.). London: Routledge. [More] Krieg, A. (2017). Violence and the City in the Modern Middle East, edited by Nelida Fuccaro. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol.53, No.3. [More] Krieg, A. (2017). Obama and the Middle East: No we can't. Orient, 58:2, 2017. [More] Krieg, A. (2017). Military Action. In The Sage Encyclopedia of Political Behavior, F.M. Moghaddam. (ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. [More] Krieg, A. (2017). 'Barking Dogs Seldom Bite' Trump and the Middle East. Insight Turkey, 19:3, 2017. [More] Krieg, A. (2018). Surrogate Warfare: The Art of War in the 21st Century? Defence Studies, 18:2, 2018. [More] Reports Krieg, A. (2018). Defining Remote Warfare: The Rise of the Private Military and Security Industry. Oxford Research Group, Briefing No. 3. March 2018. [More]

As an assistant professor at King's College London's Defence Studies Department I am conducting research on non-state security and violence. This includes civil-security sector relations, non-state actors in war as well as hybrid security providers in transnational environments. 

Areas of Interest

  • Socio-political order outside the state
  • Civil-Military Relations and Security Sector Reform in the Middle East
  • Commercialization of security
  • The laws and ethics of going to war / of conduct in war
  • Remote Warfare by human and technological surrogate

I am the co-founder of the Near East Centre of Security and Strategy (NECSS) at King's as an interdisciplinary centre of research excellence promoting research on a wide array of issues related to security and strategic affairs in the Near East. I am also the co-founder of the Private Military and Security Research Group (PMSRG) at King's as a research group bringing together policy makers, academics and industry representatives to tackle the core issues relating to the commercialization of military and security services.

Currently, I am in the process of writing a book on "Surrogate Warfare" together with Dr Jean Marc Rickli. This book will conceptually explore the phenomenon of warfare by surrogate – namely a patron’s externalization, partially or wholly, of the strategic, operational or tactical burden of warfare to a human or technological surrogate with the principal intent of minimizing the patron’s burden of warfare. Thereby, this book does not intend to narrow its focus on particular case studies of ‘barbarian’ force multipliers in Antiquity, the medieval mercenaries, or the reliance of colonial powers on indigenous forces; let alone limit the conceptualization to the proxy wars of the Cold War era. In essence, this book looks at the strategy of externalizing the burden of warfare and the intrinsic trade-off between substitution and control. The degree of substitution of the patron’s burden of warfare correlates with an increase of surrogate autonomy and thereby the patron’s loss of control. Therefore, warfare by surrogate might not necessarily be the panacea for the strategic and operational challenges of the 21st century. However, in order to be able to make an informed decision about the utility and ethical implications of surrogate warfare, the concept needs to be adequately conceptualized beyond the mere empirical analysis of historical case studies.